Hi there, it’s Asiya and today I’ve prepared
a number of useful phrases for your IELTS writing task 2, which help to elevate your
writing and make it sound more like a formal writing of a native speaker. The good thing
is, you don’t need to memorise many new words, just learn to use the most common IELTS
words in a new way. And I’m also gonna give you a downloadable pdf file with all the phrases
and examples to repeat offline later, if you wish. Okay, let’s get started. Let’s begin with the word Advantage. Essays
about advantages and disadvantages are common in IELTS. And you may need to write something
like that: A big advantage of public transport is that
it is cheap. You can say exactly the same in a different
way: Public transport has a definite advantage
of being cheap. The words are almost the same but the sentence
sounds more sophisticated, right? Here’s another example:
A small car has the added advantage of being cheaper to run.
Note the adjectives in these examples. A definite advantage means a clear, big advantage. If
you’ve just mentioned one advantage and now are adding another one, you can also say
an added advantage. This phrase helps to vary your vocabulary and also link sentences together. When you’re talking about disadvantages,
you can use a phrase ‘a disadvantage to’. For example, you want to say:
This plan has big disadvantages. That’s a very simple sentence. Or you can
say There are distinct disadvantages to the plan.
Here’s another example: There are serious disadvantages to both approaches.
Instead of saying a big disadvantage, you may use words a distinct or a serious disadvantage. The next expression is ‘to support the view’.
Your task may be: Consider both views and give your opinion. Imagine, you’re writing
your body paragraphs and have just provided an example. Then you can say This example
supports the view that and then you state what view it supports.
This example supports the view that reforms of tax systems can increase employment rates.
This evidence supports the view that there is too much violence on television.
If the tasks asks to give your opinion, in the introduction or conclusion you can also
say I support the view that… It’s the same
as saying I think that or In my opinion. Another way to express your opinion is say
I take the view. Instead of saying I think that it would be wrong to interfere.
You can say I take the view that it would be wrong to
interfere. It sounds more formal. Here’s another example
I take the view that each individual is ultimately responsible for his health and fitness.
The best way to memorise a phrase is to use it. Please comment below with your examples
of how you could use these phrases. Expressing your opinion or contrasting two
sides of the argument is so common in IELTS, that I’m gonna give you a couple more examples. When you’re writing your conclusion, or
maybe an introduction, you can use this structure Some people argue that … My own view is
that… That’s what I’ve done in this example: Some people argue that the government should
promote healthy lifestyle options. My own view is that each individual is ultimately
responsible for his health and fitness. Opinion is another very common word. Here’re
a couple of ways to use it: Opinion is divided on the issue.
It means that people are disagree. You could say Should the government ban smoking in public
places? Opinion is divided on this issue. By the way, in all my examples I use common
English words. If you need to get Band 6 in writing, you may not be familiar with some
of them. But for Band 8, you should know most of the words. In your conclusion, if you want to say in
my opinion, that’s fine. In my opinion, everyone should have some understanding
of science. To make your sentence sound more complex,
you can move it to the middle of the sentence: Everyone should, in my opinion, have some
understanding of science. In this case, put commas before and after
the phrase. Here’s another one: Each individual, in my opinion, is ultimately
responsible for his health and fitness. Have you noticed where I put these words?
Just before the main verb. If you’ve already used the word advantage,
you don’t want to repeat it several time, say a benefit.
Another advantage of public transport is low cost.
Or Public transport has a benefit of low cost.
You can also say Public transport has an advantage of low cost.
Those who have a benefit of a good education are more likely to get a high-paid job.
A synonym of the word disadvantage is a drawback. This is the one major drawback of the new
system. The one big drawback with the plan is its
high cost. It’s possible to say a drawback of the system.
Or a drawback with the plan. Both ways are correct. If your task reads: Do the advantages outweigh
the disadvantages? You could say: The advantages of this system far outweigh
the disadvantages. But you would repeat a lot of words from your
task. So, write these instead: The benefits of this system far outweigh the
drawbacks. It’s quite hard to substitute the verb outweigh
as that’s the one you normally use in this situation. So we keep it.
Or another way to avoid using words advantages and disadvantages is strengths and weaknesses.
This approach has its advantages and disadvantages. This approach has its strengths and weaknesses. It’s also possible to use these words separately.
A fundamental weakness of this approach is its cost.
Fundamental means the main or the greatest weakness. I like the phrase ‘the strength lies’.
Let’s say, our sentence is The strength of this solution is in its low
The strength of this solution lies in its low cost.
Don’t forget the preposition in Lies in. When you want to introduce one side of the
argument, you can say Some people argue that laws are made by and
for men. Or
It could be argued that laws are made by and for men. I chose this particular example to show you
how you can use two different prepositions in a row. The full phrase is by men and for
men. Or you simply say By and for men. You can download a list of all the expressions
and examples used this video if you click the button on the screen or a link in the
video description below. Don’t forget to leave your examples of how
you could use these phrases in comments. Thank you so much for watching me. Good luck with
your preparation and bye!