Dr. Cheryl Lentz: Chapter 2: Literature Review Writing Tips


Video: #3: Tips for Post Graduate Writing:
Chapter 2: Literature Review. [Video transcript]
Hello and welcome back! My name is Dr. Cheryl Lentz, owner of The Refractive Thinker® Press
and tonight we will begin with the second part in our 5-part series, how to craft a
doctoral dissertation and/or an effective graduate thesis.
Tonight’s focus is on Chapter 2: The Literature Review. The purpose of a literature review
is simply the ability to research via scholarly avenues what already exists about your topic
and problem statement AND to delve deeper into how your study will contribute to the
larger body of knowledge. The point is not to duplicate what has already been done, but
to find the existing gap for which your study will contribute.
Remember that a literature review is not simply a historical book report about either your
company of study or topic(s) of study. Instead, the literature review exists to justify the
research problem by providing the current known knowledge (evidence) (or perhaps lack
thereof), as well as the theory or theoretical framework that is behind or ‘frames’ the
study. Think of these as offering your reader a perspective in context.
Let’s begin with first with your introduction. Remember that for each chapter–whether a
5 chapter or 7 chapter format–you will need to be sure to integrate an introduction (which
introduces your chapter and your writing objectives), body paragraphs (which cover the details),
and conclusion (which reviews the main points as offered by your chapter as well as reviews
the writing objectives from your introduction to prove that these expectations have been
met). In this part 2, we want to be able to talk
about the introduction of your study, with regard to your theoretical frameworks and
your problem statement so we can do some historical gathering of evidence to find what is already
there, and so that you can look to offering the piece(s) of the puzzle that perhaps might
be missing. Think of this purpose as the ability to be
on the same page with your reader. You might start with definitions of terms. Remember
some of the things you may be discussing may be very specific to your study. Help your
reader with defining those specific terms and make sure you have clear evidence and/or
quotes to share where those definitions are from.
Second, you want to be able to look at the topic and your problem statement. Make sure
that you understand that your problem statement is what is going to drive the train for your
study. Be sure to look how your problem statement will look at your problems for study and how
this may affect your theoretical frames, theories, and context for which your problem will serve.
That’s where we really want to get into the research; looking at journals, looking
at articles, looking at evidence and research that already exists. Our goal is to put into
context to justify the relevance and importance of both your study and the theories for which
you are going to offer. Next, let’s again offer the summary aspect.
The whole goal of this idea of the literature review is to provide to your reader as perhaps
a chronological sequence what already exists within the most current literature—within
the most recent 3-5 years–for you to be able to offer your reader what has already been
done and what you are going to contribute as part of your study.
As always, thank you so much for joining us for this second piece in the 5 part series.
Please join me for more tips on effective post graduate writing at our blog at http://www.refractivethinker.com/wordpress
for additional help and guidance. Again, my name is Dr. Cheryl Lentz. We look forward
seeing you next time when we will look at Chapter 3: Methodology. Good luck as your
work on your doctoral dissertation or graduate thesis continues. See you next time!

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